Line Tables

These tables give observed air wavelengths for the 2000-20000 Å range for spectra other than Fr I. Outside of the 2000-20000 Å range, the wavelengths are vacuum wavelengths. Lines of Fr I are extrapolated vacuum wavelengths from known energy levels. All observed lines are from NIST ASD. All energy level information is from NIST ASD. Wavelengths from MIT Wavelength Tables have been omitted as this publication appears to still be under copyright. However, in some cases, the exact same wavelength is given by NIST and MIT; in that case, the line is included.

Line intensities have been adjusted in the visible region to match photographed visible spectra. Line intensities of Rn have been adjusted to match the Grotrian diagram of Rn I. Line intensities in the infrared and ultraviolet are less reliable, but every effort was made to estimate them as accurately as possible. The elements He, O, Cl, Ar, Kr, and Xe have had their NIR lines photographed out to roughly 11000 Å. The intensities of the "brightest" several IR lines of each of these elements, in the 7000-10000 Å range, can be trusted. For the range of 800-8000 Å, estimated visual brightnesses (EVB) are given. A dash in either of the intensity columns means the line intensity would be less than one relative to other lines of the same spectrum.

All Spectra

H   He
Li Be   B C N O F Ne
Na Mg   Al Si P S Cl Ar
K Ca   Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
Rb Sr   Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe
Cs Ba La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn
Fr Ra Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og

Entire Range | 2000-10000 Å | Visible Region | Si CCD/CMOS Region | Thermal IR | Vacuum UV
Specific Wavelength (rounded):  Å  nm

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λ, Å E. Sp.# Rel.Int. EVB Lower Config Lower Term+J Lower Level Upper Config Upper Term+J Upper Level
3800.38 Hf I 330 -
3806.07 Hf II 330 -
3811.78 Hf I 50 -
3817.2 Hf II 270 -
3819.38 Hf I 375 1
3820.73 Hf I 95 -
3829.67 Hf I 70 -
3830.02 Hf I 225 -
3849.18 Hf I 495 1
3849.52 Hf II 135 -
3858.31 Hf I 195 -
3860.91 Hf I 240 -
3872.55 Hf II 915 2
3877.1 Hf II 1500 3
3880.82 Hf II 795 2
3882.52 Hf I 3500 8
3883.77 Hf II 150 -
3889.23 Hf I 165 -
3889.33 Hf I 195 1
3899.94 Hf I 870 3
3918.09 Hf II 1500 5
3923.9 Hf II 765 3
3926.42 Hf I 645 3
3927.57 Hf I 645 3
3929.54 Hf II 195 1
3931.38 Hf I 675 3
3935.65 Hf II 1000 5
3939.04 Hf I 585 3
3951.83 Hf I 1500 7
3968.01 Hf I 420 3
3973.48 Hf I 2500 18
4032.27 Hf I 270 5
4047.96 Hf II 1000 28
4062.84 Hf I 405 11
4066.21 Hf I 390 13
4083.35 Hf I 405 16
4093.16 Hf II 975 46 5d2.(3F).6s a 4F3/2 3644.65 5d.6s.(3D).6p z 43/2 28068.79
4104.23 Hf I 450 26
4106.58 Hf I 600 40
4113.53 Hf II 660 44
4118.6 Hf I 195 16
4127.8 Hf II 495 47
4145.76 Hf I 615 83
4162.36 Hf II 405 64
4162.69 Hf I 390 62
4174.34 Hf I 330 62 5d2.6s2 a 3F3 2356.68 5d2.6s.(a 4F).6p z 53 26305.78
4190.95 Hf I 435 106
4206.58 Hf II 990 299
4209.7 Hf I 495 151
4228.08 Hf I 150 54
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