Line Tables

These tables give observed air wavelengths for the 2000-20000 Å range for spectra other than Fr I. Outside of the 2000-20000 Å range, the wavelengths are vacuum wavelengths. Lines of Fr I are extrapolated vacuum wavelengths from known energy levels. All observed lines are from NIST ASD. All energy level information is from NIST ASD. Wavelengths from MIT Wavelength Tables have been omitted as this publication appears to still be under copyright. However, in some cases, the exact same wavelength is given by NIST and MIT; in that case, the line is included.

Line intensities have been adjusted in the visible region to match photographed visible spectra. Line intensities of Rn have been adjusted to match the Grotrian diagram of Rn I. Line intensities in the infrared and ultraviolet are less reliable, but every effort was made to estimate them as accurately as possible. The elements He, O, Cl, Ar, Kr, and Xe have had their NIR lines photographed out to roughly 11000 Å. The intensities of the "brightest" several IR lines of each of these elements, in the 7000-10000 Å range, can be trusted. For the range of 800-8000 Å, estimated visual brightnesses (EVB) are given. A dash in either of the intensity columns means the line intensity would be less than one relative to other lines of the same spectrum.

All Spectra

H   He
Li Be   B C N O F Ne
Na Mg   Al Si P S Cl Ar
K Ca   Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
Rb Sr   Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe
Cs Ba La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn
Fr Ra Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og

Entire Range | 2000-10000 Å | Visible Region | Si CCD/CMOS Region | Thermal IR | Vacuum UV
Specific Wavelength (rounded):  Å  nm

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λ, Å E. Sp.# Rel.Int. EVB Lower Config Lower Term+J Lower Level Upper Config Upper Term+J Upper Level
2001.672 Cu I - - 3d10.4s 2S1/2 0 3d10.4d 2D5/2 49942.051
2001.947 Cu I - - 3d10.4s 2S1/2 0 3d10.4d 2D3/2 49935.195
2002.9033 Cu II 1 - 3d8.4s2 3P1 88605.096 3d8.(3P).4s.4p.(3P°) 31 138516.49
2009.252 Cu I - - 3d9.4s2 2D5/2 11202.618 3d10.11p 23/2 60956.32
2009.32 Cu II - - 3d9.4p 34 68730.8876 3d9.(2D3/2).4d 2[5/2]3 118483.8135
2012.98037 Cu II 35 - 3d9.4p 32 66418.6849 3d9.(2D5/2).4d 2[5/2]3 116080.2237
2013.22 Cu III - -
2015.5822 Cu II 25 - 3d9.4s 3D1 23998.3718 3d9.4p 11 73595.8143
2015.866 Cu II - - 3d8.4s2 3P0 88926.002 3d8.(3P).4s.4p.(3P°) 31 138516.49
2016.8964 Cu II 30 - 3d9.4s 3D3 21928.7326 3d9.4p 12 71493.8548
2017.6096 Cu II 3 - 3d8.4s2 3F3 71531.542 3d9.(2D5/2).5p 2[5/2]°3 121079.1501
2022.1913 Cu II 3 - 3d9.4p 33 68447.7349 3d9.(2D3/2).4d 2[7/2]4 117883.0985
2023.947 Cu I - - 3d9.4s2 2D5/2 11202.618 3d10.10p 23/2 60595.1
2024.002 Cu I - - 3d9.4s2 2D5/2 11202.618 3d10.8f 25/2 60593.77
2024.327 Cu I - - 3d10.4s 2S1/2 0 3d10.5p 21/2 49383.264
2024.338 Cu I - - 3d10.4s 2S1/2 0 3d10.5p 23/2 49382.945
2025.48773 Cu II 135 - 3d9.4s 3D1 23998.3718 3d9.4p 32 73353.2957
2025.919 Cu II - - 3d8.4s2 3F3 71531.542 3d9.(2D5/2).5p 2[5/2]°2 120876.0141
2027.1336 Cu II 10 - 3d9.4p 31 67916.5572 3d9.(2D3/2).4d 2[1/2]1 117231.4014
2029.471 Cu II - - 3d8.4s2 3F2 72723.817 3d8.(3F).4s.4p.(3P°) 12 121981.8546
2029.9491 Cu II 9 - 3d9.4p 32 66418.6849 3d9.(2D5/2).4d 2[3/2]1 115665.1539
2031.03579 Cu II 45 - 3d9.4p 32 66418.6849 3d9.(2D5/2).4d 2[3/2]2 115638.8036
2033.844 Cu II - - 3d9.4p 34 68730.8876 3d9.(2D3/2).4d 2[7/2]4 117883.0985
2035.85321 Cu II 285 - 3d9.4s 3D1 23998.3718 3d9.4p 31 73102.0408
2036.9201 Cu II 10 - 3d9.4p 30 68850.2628 3d9.(2D3/2).4d 2[3/2]1 117928.2197
2037.12672 Cu II 195 - 3d9.4s 3D2 22847.1176 3d9.4p 33 71920.0961
2043.8019 Cu II 300 - 3d9.4s 3D3 21928.7326 3d9.4p 13 70841.4669
2045.692 Cu I - - 3d9.4s2 2D5/2 11202.618 3d10.9p 23/2 60070.17
2047.67825 Cu II 20 - 3d9.4p 11 73595.8143 3d9.(2D3/2).4d 2[1/2]0 122415.957
2054.25259 Cu II 10 - 3d9.4p 32 69867.9849 3d9.(2D3/2).4d 2[5/2]2 118531.9058
2054.4171 Cu II 15 - 3d9.4p 31 67916.5572 3d9.(2D5/2).4d 2[1/2]0 116576.5758
2054.97836 Cu II 240 - 3d9.4s 3D2 22847.1176 3d9.4p 12 71493.8548
2057.68 Cu I - - 3d9.4s2 2D3/2 13245.443 3d10.17p 21/2,3/2 61828.24
2058.611 Cu II - - 3d8.4s2 3F3 71531.542 3d9.(2D5/2).5p 2[3/2]°2 120092.3828
2060.76 Cu I - - 3d9.4s2 2D3/2 13245.443 3d10.16p 23/2 61755.71
2062.4201 Cu II 20 - 3d9.4p 31 67916.5572 3d9.(2D5/2).4d 2[5/2]2 116387.7873
2064.58 Cu I - - 3d9.4s2 2D3/2 13245.443 3d10.15p 23/2 61665.86
2066.2609 Cu II 10 - 3d9.4p 30 68850.2628 3d9.(2D3/2).4d 2[1/2]1 117231.4014
2067.368 Cu II - - 3d8.4s2 3F2 72723.817 3d9.(2D5/2).5p 2[5/2]°3 121079.1501
2068.321 Cu I - - 3d10.4p 23/2 30783.697 3d9.4s.(3D).5d 4F5/2 79116.79
2069.41 Cu I - - 3d9.4s2 2D3/2 13245.443 3d10.14p 23/2 61552.44
2069.9356 Cu II 3 - 3d9.4p 32 69867.9849 3d9.(2D3/2).4d 2[3/2]2 118163.2663
2074.213 Cu II - - 3d8.4s2 3F2 72723.817 3d9.(2D5/2).5p 2[3/2]°1 120919.5715
2074.24066 Cu II - - 3d8.4s2 3P1 88605.096 3d8.(3F).4s.4p.(1P°) 32 136800.137
2075.66 Cu I - - 3d9.4s2 2D3/2 13245.443 3d10.13p 21/2 61407.49
2078.66147 Cu II 75 - 3d9.4p 32 66418.6849 3d9.(2D5/2).4d 2[1/2]1 114511.2386
2079.534 Cu I - - 3d9.4s2 2D5/2 11202.618 3d10.8p 23/2 59274.99
2080.0593 Cu II 2 - 3d9.4p 32 69867.9849 3d9.(2D3/2).4d 2[3/2]1 117928.2197
2082.92 Cu II - - 3d9.4s 3D2 22847.1176 3d9.4p 13 70841.4669
2083.911 Cu I - - 3d9.4s2 2D3/2 13245.443 3d10.12p 21/2 61216.86
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